Embark on a humorous journey exploring the wonderfully quirky world of used ambulances for sale. From hunting for budget-friendly deals under $5,000 to discovering state-specific treasures, we cover it all. So buckle up, enjoy the laughs, and let’s find your perfect ambulance together!
Unexpectedly Find Used Ambulances For Sale
Hello there, readers! Have you ever had one of those “aha” moments? Not the kind that makes you feel like you’ve discovered the meaning of life, but more like the kind that leaves you scratching your head in bewilderment, thinking, “Now, why didn’t I think of that before?”
Well, buckle up, folks! Because we’re about to embark on a peculiar journey that all started the day I saw a used ambulance for sale.
A Blink-and-You-Miss-It Discovery
Picture this. I’m cruising down the interstate, mind wandering towards what leftovers I’ve got waiting for me at home, when out of the corner of my eye, I spot an odd sight—a retired hospital angel on wheels with a sign that reads “Used Ambulance for Sale.” That’s right, an ambulance, not the kind rushing past you, sirens blaring, but the kind sitting quietly by the roadside, waiting for a new lease on life. It was as if it was calling out to me, “Take me home, let’s start a new adventure together.”
Well, curiosity piqued and appetite forgotten (sorry, leftover pizza), I took a detour to investigate.
Can This Be Love?
I’ve got to admit, I’ve always had a thing for the unusual. I mean, who needs a regular car when you could own something with a history, a tale to tell, and a set of wheels that could send everyone else’s eyebrows shooting up into their hairline?
So, there I was, checking out this used ambulance, imagining all the wild adventures we could embark on together. Road trips? Sorted! Camping? We’ve got space galore! The neighborhood’s kids’ party? I’m the hit with the coolest wheels. Plus, think about the convenience of always having a stretcher at hand. Who wouldn’t want that?
A Vehicle of Possibilities
There was just something about the vehicle’s rusty charm, its boxy design, and the potential it held. What if I could turn this used ambulance into something amazing?
Suddenly, visions of my future started unfolding in my mind’s eye. Me, navigating narrow lanes and vast highways in my quirky ride. I could see the kids in my neighborhood wide-eyed and excited, waiting for a chance to explore the inside of a real-life ambulance. And let’s not forget, the absolute coup-de-grace at any car show.
Price Tag Surprise: Find Used Ambulance for Sale Under $5,000
But then, reality nudged its way into my fantasies. How much would this exuberant piece of machinery cost me? As I glanced at the price tag, I was in for a pleasant surprise. This used ambulance was for sale under $5,000. Yes, you heard me right, folks! My budget could actually afford this four-wheeled bundle of joy.
And just like that, my fate was sealed. I was about to become the proud owner of a used ambulance, and a whole new world of unconventional, eyebrow-raising, and ridiculously fun experiences was just waiting around the corner.
So, fasten your seat belts, folks! You’re about to navigate through the peculiar yet fascinating world of used ambulances with me. Stay tuned, and prepare for a ride full of laughs and surprises!
Dispelling Myths: The Unconventional Ride That Is a Used Ambulance
I see you’ve still with me for the second leg of our quirky journey into the world of used ambulances. If you’re expecting a tedious list of tips and tricks, then I’m afraid you’re in the wrong place. Here, we delve into the realm of the unexpected, the strange, and the downright hilarious. So, let’s dispel some myths and misunderstandings surrounding owning an ambulance, shall we?
Are Ambulances Just for Emergencies?
Let’s get one thing straight, folks. Ambulances aren’t just for emergencies. They’re for adventures too! We all know the serious side of ambulances, speeding down the road with sirens wailing, carrying patients with the precision and speed of a cheetah chasing its prey. But when retired, they turn into these incredible vehicles filled with possibilities, just like my used ambulance for sale near me was when I first stumbled upon it.
Sirens and Lights – A Symphony of Sound and Light
Here’s a fun fact for you. Did you know that in most places, it’s perfectly legal to own an ambulance, but using its sirens and lights is generally a no-no? That’s right. No chasing down your neighbors’ cats with blaring sirens. Though it’s definitely a bummer, can you imagine the chaos we’d have if everyone started driving around in ambulances with lights flashing and sirens wailing? It would be a symphony of sound and light with more false alarms than a broken smoke detector.
Off-Road or Off Limits?
Hold your horses for those of you picturing a 4×4 ambulance bounding through muddy fields and climbing steep hills! While a used 4×4 ambulance for sale may seem like the perfect vehicle for an off-roading adventure, remember that these beasts weren’t initially designed for that purpose. Their primary job was to transport patients smoothly and swiftly, not to imitate a Monster Truck. But, of course, that doesn’t mean you can’t take it for a gentle drive through your local forest trail.
Can You Hear the Bargains Calling?
I’m here to bust another myth – owning an ambulance doesn’t have to burn a hole in your pocket. As a proud owner of a used ambulance for sale under $5,000, I can vouch for the affordability of this venture. So, no more excuses that your budget is holding you back from getting your four-wheeled, boxy joyride.
The Owner’s Pride and the Neighbor’s Envy
There is an unspoken code amongst us used ambulance owners – we have an unrivaled ability to turn heads. But with this comes the responsibility of handling the wild and often hilarious reactions of surprised passers-by and skeptical neighbors. A used ambulance for sale by owner can mean an unforgettable ride of a lifetime, not just for you but for everyone around you too!
So, dear readers, owning a used ambulance is not as daunting or as crazy as it might seem at first glance. Yes, it’s unconventional. Yes, it’s a conversation starter. And yes, it will turn your life into a whirlwind of laughter, surprise, and unique experiences. So, stay tuned for more of my antics and adventures as we continue our journey into the humorous world of used ambulances. Next stop, the best deals in town!
Rolling Into Your Life: How to Find a Used Ambulance for Sale Near You
Are you feeling your very own used ambulance’s siren call (pun intended) yet? Well, you’re in luck because today we’re going on a virtual scavenger hunt to find a used ambulance for sale near you. Forget about the cliché treasure maps and cryptic clues; we’re going digital, baby!
Hello, Internet! Meet My Ambulance Aspirations
The Internet, as you may well know, is a magical place. It’s the genie’s lamp of our times, ready to grant us our wishes, provided we type in the right keywords.
And when it comes to finding a used ambulance for sale near me, it was nothing short of a cyber miracle. But this isn’t just my story; it could be yours too. All you have to do is open your favorite search engine, type in “used ambulance for sale near me,” and voila! You’ll be presented with more options than a kid in a candy store.
Craigslist, Facebook and OfferUp: The Online Marketplace Goldmine
Then there’s Craigslist, Facebook Marketplace, Offerup, these are digital equivalent of a gigantic flea market, where you can find anything from your grandma’s favorite porcelain tea set to, you guessed it, used ambulances.
But remember, when looking for a used ambulance for sale Craigslist or Marketplace style, ensure you’re equipped with your sense of humor, a keen eye for details, and a healthy amount of skepticism. Because just like in a real flea market, there’s a mix of hidden gems and, well, just plain old junk.
Good Places to Hunt for Used Ambulances for Sale
The Direct Approach: Finding an Ambulance for Sale by Owner
If you prefer dealing directly with people, then finding a used ambulance for sale by owner could be the way to go. This can often lead to interesting interactions, heartwarming stories, and even an occasional comedy of errors.
Like the time I met a gentleman who tried to convince me that his used ambulance was not only a great vehicle but also doubled as a mobile disco! With just a flick of a switch, the interior lights would start flashing in sync with whatever tune was playing. Talk about a party on wheels!
A Quick Reality Check
Finding a used ambulance for sale near you is not always going to be as easy as buying groceries. It’s more like looking for a needle in a haystack, where the haystack is the entire Internet, and the needle is a quirky, affordable, and dependable used ambulance that suits your personality and needs.
But don’t let that deter you. With a sprinkle of patience, a dash of perseverance, and a healthy dose of humor, you’re bound to find your very own four-wheeled companion.
So, there you have it, folks! Armed with these digital tools and a bit of good old human interaction, you’re all set to embark on your quest to find a used ambulance for sale near you. And remember, every step (or click) you take brings you one step closer to the beginning of a unique, exciting, and undoubtedly hilarious adventure. So, buckle up, and let’s hit the virtual road!
Penny-Pinching on Wheels: Finding a Used Ambulance for Sale Under $5,000
Hey there, ambulance enthusiasts! If you’ve been riding along this far, you’re probably ready to hear about the best deals in the quirky world of used ambulances. Today, we’re diving into the land of budget-friendly miracles: finding a used ambulance for sale under $5,000. So, hold onto your seats, because this ride might get a little…bumpy!
The Beauty of Bargains
Everyone loves a good bargain, right? That moment when you spot the deal of a lifetime, and your heart races faster than an ambulance responding to an emergency. My first encounter with a used ambulance for sale under $5,000 was like that. And let me tell you, the sight of that price tag was more beautiful than a double rainbow at sunset!
Used, Not Abused!
Now, I know what you’re thinking. A used ambulance for sale under $5,000 must be a clunker, right? But let’s not judge a book (or an ambulance) by its cover (or price tag). Yes, these used ambulances have seen their fair share of action, and yes, they may bear a few scars from their past lives. But underneath the rust and the dings, there’s a heart (an engine, technically) that’s still willing to hit the road and take on new adventures.
Be Prepared for Surprises
Let me level with you: Buying a used ambulance for sale under $5,000 can feel a bit like opening a mystery box. You might get lucky and find a model with a fully functional siren or an intact stretcher (perfect for those lazy Sunday afternoons when you can’t be bothered to move from your spot). Or you might find some surprise “extras” left behind by its previous life – like a first aid manual from the 80s or, as in my case, a disco ball (still wondering about the previous owner’s taste in decor).
The Charm of Quirkiness
The used ambulance for sale under $5,000 market isn’t for the faint of heart. These are vehicles that wear their quirks like badges of honor. You might have to wrestle with a stubborn door or coax a dashboard light to turn off. But hey, what’s life without a bit of character, right?
So, dear readers, venturing into the world of used ambulances for sale under $5,000 can be a rollercoaster of a journey. But let’s be honest, you’re not here for a smooth, predictable ride. You’re here for the thrills, the spills, and most importantly, the laughs.
And who knows? You might end up finding a treasure like I did—a used ambulance that’s more than just a vehicle. It’s a conversation starter, an adventure on wheels, and a delightful source of countless laughs. So, put on your bargain-hunting glasses, get ready to embrace the quirks, and let’s continue this incredible journey together! Next stop: the adventurous world of 4×4 ambulances.
The Thrills and Spills of a Used 4×4 Ambulance for Sale
Are you ready to kick it up a notch? Today, we’re leaving the smooth tarmac behind and heading into the wild yonder with a used 4×4 ambulance for sale. If you thought our adventure couldn’t get wilder, fasten your seatbelts because we’re about to off-road it!
The Call of the Wild
We’ve all had moments when the open road isn’t enough. When the spirit of adventure tugs at your heartstrings and whispers, “Go on, take the road less traveled.” That’s where a used 4×4 ambulance comes in handy. It’s the automotive equivalent of a trusty Swiss army knife, ready for any terrain or weather condition Mother Nature can throw.
Not Just an Ordinary Ride
A used 4×4 ambulance isn’t just a vehicle but a superhero on wheels! It can navigate through muddy tracks and rocky terrains with the ease of a mountain goat. And when you think it can’t get any better, there’s always room for your camping gear, mountain bikes, or even a makeshift bed. Who needs a fancy RV when you’ve got a 4×4 ambulance, right?
Spotting a Diamond in the Rough
Finding a used 4×4 ambulance for sale can be challenging, like searching for a needle in a haystack. But that’s what makes the hunt so exciting! One day, you’re casually scrolling through Craigslist, the next you’re face-to-face with your dream ride. And just like that, the needle in the haystack becomes a diamond in the rough!
The Quirky Quandaries of Owning a 4×4 Ambulance
As the proud owner of a used 4×4 ambulance, I assure you that the adventures (and misadventures) are worth every penny. There’s something inherently amusing about getting stuck in a mud pit in an ambulance. Who do you call in an emergency when you are the emergency vehicle?
The World is Your Playground
With a used 4×4 ambulance for sale, the world becomes your playground. Want to go star-gazing in the middle of nowhere? Easy! Feel like exploring that offbeat trail in the woods? You’re all set! Need to make a quick run to the grocery store? Well, why not turn heads while you’re at it?
So, there you have it, folks! The joys and jests of owning a used 4×4 ambulance. It’s not just a vehicle; it’s a lifestyle. It’s a passport to a world of adventure, a source of endless stories, and a surefire way to add more laughter to your life.
And remember, no matter where your 4×4 ambulance takes you, whether it’s the top of a mountain or the middle of a mud pit, enjoy the ride and don’t forget to laugh along the way. After all, laughter is the best road trip companion! So, buckle up, and let’s hit the off-road together!
Unearthing Gems: Where to Find Used Ambulances for Sale Across the States
Alright, folks! We’ve had our fair share of fun, laughs, and virtual ambulance tours. Now, it’s time to get a bit more specific. If you’ve been wondering, “Where can I find a used ambulance for sale near me?” then today’s your lucky day. We’re about to take a whirlwind tour across the US in search of used ambulances. Fasten your seatbelts, because we’re going coast to coast!
Sunny Deals in California
Our journey starts on the west coast, in the Golden State of California. With its vibrant cities and sunny skies, it’s no surprise that there’s a wealth of used ambulance for sale California style. Perhaps there’s something about the ocean breeze that makes these ambulances ripe for adventure!
Starry-eyed in Texas
Next, we’re heading to Texas, where everything’s bigger – including the range of used ambulances! I discovered an unusual yet charming used ambulance for sale in Texas style. Its previous owner, a retired astrologer, had decked the interior with glow-in-the-dark stars. Talk about a mobile observatory!
Exploring the Hoosier State
Indiana, here we come! My used ambulance for sale Indiana adventure led me to a 1980s ambulance still sporting its original paint job. It was so retro that it practically came with its own time warp!
Southern Hospitality in South Carolina and Georgia
A quick detour to the south and we’re in the land of sweet tea and magnolia blossoms. Between South Carolina and Georgia, I found an incredible used ambulance for sale South Carolina style, complete with a mini fridge stocked with sweet tea! Not to be outdone, a used ambulance for sale Georgia had its own peach tree air freshener.
Sunshine State Surprises
Our journey wouldn’t be complete without a trip to sunny Florida. Known for its beautiful beaches and thrilling theme parks, Florida also hosts a cornucopia of used ambulances for sale. One used Florida-style ambulance for sale was so roomy that it could probably double as a ride at a local amusement park!
A Taste of the Midwest in Ohio
Last but not least, we’re heading to the heart of the Midwest – Ohio. This is where I found a used ambulance for sale Ohio that was surprisingly well-preserved, despite its age. It was almost like finding a classic novel in an old bookstore – a little dusty, a little worn, but brimming with character and stories.
And there you have it, my fellow used ambulance enthusiasts! A whirlwind tour of used ambulances for sale across the United States. Whether you’re in California or Ohio, Texas or Florida, an ambulance is out there waiting to share its stories and start new adventures with you.
And remember, no matter where you find your used ambulance, it’s not just a vehicle – it’s a journey, a story, and a source of endless laughs. So, keep searching, laughing, and most importantly, embracing the delightful world of used ambulances!
Offbeat Accessories: Hunting for a Used Ambulance Stretcher for Sale and More
Hello again, my fellow ambulance enthusiasts! Now that we’ve embarked on a virtual tour across the States, it’s time to delve into the wonderfully odd world of used ambulance accessories. Buckle up and prepare for some laughs as we search for a used ambulance stretcher for sale, and more!
The Stretch of Imagination
Who would have thought that a used ambulance stretcher could be the answer to your space-saving woes? When you find a used ambulance stretcher for sale, you’re not just getting a piece of equipment. You’re getting a multi-purpose, space-saving, conversation-starter! Need a guest bed? Stretcher. Looking for a unique coffee table? Stretcher. The possibilities are limited only by your imagination.
Finding a used ambulance for sale with unique extras is like embarking on a treasure hunt. In my adventures, I’ve found everything from an 80’s style boombox (still working!) to a collection of antique syringes (thankfully empty). These quirks and features add a touch of magic to the whole experience.
A Tale of Two Cities: LA and the Big Apple
In a city as vibrant and diverse as Los Angeles, you’re bound to come across some interesting finds. A used ambulance for sale Los Angeles style came complete with a retro skateboard – a fitting tribute to the city’s iconic skate culture.
On the other side of the country, a used ambulance car for sale in New York boasted a vintage taxi meter, a humorous nod to the city’s bustling streets. Finding these regional quirks when hunting for used ambulances is always a joy.
Beware of the Unexpected
Buying a used ambulance comes with its fair share of surprises, and not all are delightful. Once, I came across a used ambulance for sale that seemed too good to be true. The previous owner had left behind a (thankfully deactivated) defibrillator. It gave me quite a shock, pun intended!
In the end, hunting for a used ambulance for sale – the ambulance itself or intriguing accessories like a stretcher – is about more than just a vehicle or an item. It’s about the journey, the laughter, the surprise discoveries, and the stories you’ll have to share.
And remember, even when the hunt gets tough, and the quirks seem a little too quirky, keep a sense of humor and an open mind. After all, who knows when you might stumble upon a hidden gem like a used ambulance stretcher for sale? Or perhaps a disco ball? The ambulance-hunting world is your quirky oyster!
The Trusty Steed: A Used Ford Ambulance for Sale and Other Trusty Models
Greetings, fellow ambulance aficionados! As we continue our journey through the wonderful world of used ambulances, it’s time to address a crucial question: What kind of used ambulance should you get? There’s no one-size-fits-all answer, but fear not! We’ll explore the marvels of a used Ford ambulance for sale and other popular models. Hold on tight; it’s going to be a fun ride!
The Reliable 7.3 Powerstroke Diesel Ford
Let’s start with a classic: the 7.3 Diesel Ford. Much like a trusty steed, a used Ford ambulance for sale is a reliable choice that never disappoints. These Diesel engines are bulletproof and very reliable. But keep a toolkit with you issues can and will occur with any Ambulance. These ambulances, have seen their fair share of action and emerged stronger for it. Not to brag, but my Ford and I have been through countless adventures together, and it still purrs like a kitten (if the kitten also had a siren).
The Offbeat Craigslist Finds
Ah, Craigslist, the wonderland of online classifieds. A simple search for a used ambulance for sale Craigslist will lead you to various options. You never know what gem you’ll stumble upon from vintage Cadillacs to modern Mercedes. Just be prepared for the unexpected, like when I found an ambulance that had been converted into a food truck!
A Sale by the Owner
Another interesting venture is buying a used ambulance for sale by owner. These sales often come with fascinating backstories. Take, for instance, the ambulance I bought from a retired magician. It came with a top hat and wand in the glove compartment!
From Coast to Coast: Specific State Treasures
Hunting for a used ambulance for sale isn’t just about the model but also the location. Each state seems to have its own preferred models. In Indiana, it’s all about vintage Chevys. In Texas, you’re more likely to spot sturdy Dodges, ready to tackle the long, open roads. And in California? Well, they’ve got everything from classic Fords to flashy BMWs.
The Fun of Variety
What’s truly delightful about hunting for a used ambulance for sale is the sheer variety. From a used Ford ambulance for sale that exudes trusty reliability to the offbeat Craigslist find that oozes quirkiness, there’s an ambulance out there for every taste and adventure style.
Ultimately, choosing an ambulance isn’t just about the make and model. It’s about finding a vehicle matching your spirit of adventure, sense of humor, and love for the offbeat. So, whether you opt for a sturdy Ford, a quirky find on Craigslist, or a unique sale by owner, enjoy the journey!
And remember, my fellow ambulance enthusiasts, whether your journey takes you to the top of a mountain in a 4×4 ambulance or to a beach in sunny California, keep laughing, keep exploring, and keep embracing the quirky joy of the used ambulance world!
The Grand Finale: Your Very Own Used Ambulance for Under $5,000
Fellow ambulance enthusiasts, we’ve come a long way. We’ve laughed, we’ve gasped, we’ve journeyed across the States, and we’ve looked at ambulance stretchers with newfound awe. As we near the end of our adventure, it’s time to address a burning question: “Can I find a used ambulance for sale under $5,000?” Spoiler alert: You absolutely can!
Budgeting the Excitement
Embracing the used ambulance lifestyle doesn’t have to break the bank. With a keen eye and a dash of patience, finding a used ambulance for sale under $5,000 is feasible. Trust me, there’s nothing quite like the thrill of snagging a sweet deal on your very own emergency ride.
The Hunt is On
Remember, patience is key. It’s like waiting for a punchline – the longer the setup, the bigger the laugh. The same goes for finding your budget-friendly ambulance. It might take a bit of scrolling, a few phone calls, maybe even some haggling, but the reward? Priceless. Or rather, under $5,000!
The Unexpected Charms of Budget Ambulances
The great thing about a used ambulance for sale under $5,000 is that it often comes with character in spades. It may have a few dings and scratches, maybe even a siren that sounds more like a yodeling goat than a high-pitched wail. But these quirks are what make the journey so much fun! Besides, who needs a pristine ambulance when you can have one with personality?
Tale of a Budget Ambulance
Once, I found a used ambulance for sale under $5,000 that had seen better days. The paint was chipped, the sirens had long given up the ghost, and the stretcher looked like it had lived through a zombie apocalypse. But it ran like a dream and boasted a cassette player filled with vintage rock anthologies. I named it The Rolling Stones – it might not have looked like much, but boy, could it rock!
So, fellow adventurers, the used ambulance world is an open book waiting for your story. Whether you’re in it for the thrill of finding a used ambulance for sale under $5,000 or the joy of discovering a unique find on Craigslist, remember to savor the journey.
And as we’ve traveled together through this series, I hope you’ve found not just information and tips, but a lot of laughter and joy. Because in the world of used ambulances, it’s not just about the destination (or the ambulance) – it’s about the ride, the laughs, and the memories you make along the way.
In the words of the great ambulance enthusiast (and by that, I mean me), keep laughing, keep exploring, and keep rolling in your own ambulance. Happy hunting!
Farewell and Keep Rolling: The End of Our Used Ambulance Adventure
My dear ambulance enthusiasts, as we close the rear doors of our imaginary ambulance, I can’t help but feel a tinge of nostalgia. We’ve laughed, learned, and explored the wonderfully quirky world of used ambulances together. But don’t fret, my fellow adventurers, this isn’t goodbye, it’s merely “See you on the road!”
Journey Recap: The Highlights
From the sunny shores of California, with its abundant used ambulance for sale California style, to the southern charm of a used ambulance for sale Georgia, we’ve journeyed far and wide. We’ve marveled at the surprises that come with a used ambulance for sale by owner, and giggled at the quirky finds a simple used ambulance for sale Craigslist search can yield.
We’ve imagined the possibilities of a used ambulance stretcher for sale, from the practical to the downright hilarious. We’ve also explored the range of vehicles available, from the trusty used Ford ambulance for sale to the more offbeat models.
A Toast to the Ambulance Enthusiasts
I raise my imaginary paramedic glove to you, the readers who’ve followed along on this wacky adventure. To those of you who’ve sent me tales of your own ambulance adventures, and to those still on the hunt for the perfect used ambulance for sale near me (or near you!).
Ambulance Dreams: Onwards to Adventure
But let’s not get too teary-eyed in our farewells. Instead, let’s look forward to the adventures ahead. Perhaps you’ll snag a great deal on a used ambulance for sale under $5,000. Maybe you’ll find the perfect used 4×4 ambulance for sale, ready for off-road adventures.
Or perhaps you’ll fall in love with a retro model in a used ambulance for sale Indiana search. Whatever your ambulance dreams may be, I hope you’ll continue the journey with as much laughter and joy as we’ve shared in this series.
Remember, fellow adventurers, in the wonderful world of used ambulances, it’s not just about the vehicle – it’s about the stories, the laughter, the community, and the quirks. So, wherever you are, whether in sunny Los Angeles or bustling New York, keep searching, keep laughing, and keep embracing the delightful world of used ambulances.
And who knows? The next time you search for a used ambulance for sale near me (or near you!), you might just find me there, waving from the driver’s seat of my trusty Ford, ready to share a laugh and a story.
So, here’s to you, to me, and to all of us in this delightful, quirky, ambulance-loving community. Until our paths cross again, keep on rolling, and happy hunting!
Navigating through life, or as I like to call it, stumbling through a travel brochure, I’ve bounced from one continent to another like a ping pong ball. From riding a camel around the pyramids and getting lost in Cairo’s bazaars, to scuba diving wrecks off Florida, mingling with sharks in Roatan, and admiring Cozumel’s coral reefs. And amidst this whirlwind of adventure, I find time to scribble it all down in a blog, because what’s a near-death experience with a dolphin if you can’t brag about it online, right? So here’s to cheap travels, history lessons in every port, and unforgettable under-the-sea encounters. May my suitcase always be packed and my oxygen tank never be empty!